Bladder problems

Urinary tract infection (UTI): cystitis and interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome

This problem is quite common in women as the urinary tract is shorter than in men and bacteria from the vagina or rectum can easily be passed into the ureter. About 50% of women will experience a UTI in the course of their life.

Cystitis

This is a common type of a lower UTI, particularly for women, and is caused by inflammation of the bladder, usually from a bladder infection. 

Possible symptoms can include:

  • Pain in the abdomen, pelvis, bladder, urethra and/or vagina.
  • A stinging or burning sensation when urinating.
  • Wanting to urinate urgently and more frequently than normal.
  • Passing water that is smelly, darker or cloudier than usual.
  • Feeling unwell, tired and achy.

For more information about cystitis, its treatment and management, visit: www.cobfoundation.org and  www.bladderandbowel.org 

Interstitial Cystitis (IC)/Bladder Pain Syndrome (BPS)

Some women seem to be prone to experiencing chronic cystitis symptoms which do not respond to antibiotics. IC/BPS differs from cystitis because there is no obvious infection and women often require other treatments including lifestyle adjustments and specialist pelvic health physiotherapy to help manage this condition.

Possible symptoms can include:

  • Pain in the abdomen, pelvis, bladder, urethra and/or vagina.
  • A sudden and urgent need to urinate.
  • Wanting to urinate more often than before.
  • Waking several times in the night to urinate.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.

For more information about IC/BPS, its treatment, and management, visit: www.cobfoundation.org and www.bladderandbowel.org 

Urinary incontinence

This condition is where urine escapes from the bladder unintentionally. It is very common, particularly in women after childbirth. 

Types of urinary incontinence:

  • Urine leaking because of pressure affecting the bladder such as when coughing or laughing – known as 'stress incontinence'.
  • Urine leaking just after feeling a sudden urge to urinate – known as 'urge incontinence' often caused by an overactive bladder.
  • If the bladder is unable to empty fully when urinating, the remaining urine leaks out – known as 'overflow incontinence'.
  • Where the bladder doesn't function properly to store urine at all, resulting in a constant leak or frequent leakages – known as 'total incontinence'.

For more information about urinary incontinence, its treatment and management, visit our 'Pelvic floor and PGP' web page, www.bladderandbowel.org www.oab.ie/and NICE guidance on Urinary Incontinence in women.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones can form when the urine includes too many minerals and salts that can collect together within the kidney to form a hard stone which might resemble a tiny pebble or grow to reach the size of a golf ball. There are different kinds of stones but the most common is calcium.

Possible symptoms can include:

  • Pain in the back and side.
  • The pelvis, groin and genital areas may also develop pains.
  • There may be a fever.
  • A burning sensation when urinating and the flow may be slow.
  • A feeling of nausea or a loss of appetite.
  • Sometimes blood can appear within the urine.

For more information about kidney stones, their treatment and management, visit: www.bladderandbowel.org 

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Content added in 2017.


Charity Registered in England: 1100373                                           © Copyright Pelvic Partnership 2017
 
Please note, the Pelvic Partnership consists of volunteers who have had Pelvic Girdle Pain and wish to support other women. We aim to pass on information based on research evidence where available. We are not medical professionals and cannot offer medical advice. The Pelvic Partnership takes no responsibility for any action you do or do not take as a result of reading this information.
 
 
This website was built by Jigsaw Web Design Ltd www.completethejigsaw.com  ~ Website content reviewed and updated: 2016 - 2017

Charity Registered in England: 1100373 

Please note, the Pelvic Partnership consists of volunteers who have had Pelvic Girdle Pain and wish to support other women. We aim to pass on information based on research evidence where available. We are not medical professionals and cannot offer medical advice. The Pelvic Partnership takes no responsibility for any action you do or do not take as a result of reading this information.

   © Copyright Pelvic Partnership 2018. Website content reviewed and updated: 2016 - 2017

This website was built by Jigsaw Web Design Ltd

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