Antenatal depression is a type of depression linked to pregnancy. Women often describe feelings of anxiety and despair associated with their pregnancy rather than feeling joyful and excited.
Postnatal depression (PND) is a type of depression some women experience after having a baby. It can develop within the first six weeks after the birth but may not be apparent until around six months.
It is estimated that around 1 in 10 women experience depression linked to pregnancy and women who have had difficult pregnancies or births are more likely to experience it. This means that women with PGP may be more likely to develop antenatal depression or PND because of the physical problems they are experiencing in addition to the changes involved during pregnancy and birth.
Symptoms of antenatal depression and PND can include:
These symptoms are not uncommon initially in all women following the birth of their child and have often been referred to as ‘baby blues’. However, if symptoms persist, you may be experiencing PND.
It is important to seek help early from your GP or Health Visitor as antenatal depression and PND are treatable and the sooner they are recognised, the sooner you can start to feel better. Treatment is likely to be in the form of antidepressant medication and talking therapies, either counselling or cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
Some women who have had difficult and traumatic births go on to experience symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD is an anxiety disorder. It can develop immediately after a stressful or traumatic event such as a difficult birth or it can occur weeks, months or even years later.
Symptoms can include:
PTSD can be successfully treated but it is important to seek advice from your GP if you are experiencing these symptoms. Treatments can include ‘watched waiting’ under the care of your GP (waiting to see if symptoms improve on their own), psychological treatments including cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), eye movement desensitisation, reprocessing therapy (EMDR), and/or specific antidepressant medication.
Further information about the symptoms and treatment of antenatal depression, PND and PTSD:
The Mind charity provides information and support to anyone experiencing emotional or psychological problems. Please visit its website for more information and support.
The Pandas Foundation offer advice and support to women with pre and post natal depression.
The Samaritans run a 24 hour a day helpline providing someone to talk to, you do not have to be feeling suicidal.
Content reviewed and updated in 2016.