The following references relate to different aspects of Pelvic Girdle Pain (PGP) and provide more detail. You can access some online for free, others you may have to pay for. Alternatively, you can often find them in your local medical library  (usually found in teaching hospitals), often freely available, although there may be a small charge if the journal is not one held by the library.

Albert, H., Godskesen, M. and Westergaard, J. (2001). Prognosis in four syndromes of pregnancy-related pelvic pain. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 80(6), pp. 505-510.

Albert, H., Godskesen, M., Westergaard, J., Chard, T. and Gunn, L. (1997). Circulating levels of relaxin are normal in pregnant women with pelvic pain. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 74(1), pp. 19-22.

Bjelland, E., Owe, K., Stuge, B., Vangen, S. and Eberhard-Gran, M. (2015). Breastfeeding and pelvic girdle pain: a follow-up study of 10,603 women 18 months after delivery. BJOG, 122(13), pp. 1765-1771. Article first published online 20 October 2014.

Björklund, K., Bergström, S., Nordström, M-L. and Ulmsten, U. (2000). Symphyseal distension in relation to serum relaxin levels and pelvic pain in pregnancy. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 79(4), pp. 269-275.

Buyruk, H., Stam, H., Snijders, C., Laméris, J., Holland, W. and Stijnen, T. (1999). Measurement of sacroiliac joint stiffness in peripartum pelvic pain patients with Doppler imaging of vibrations (DIV). European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 83(2), pp. 159-163.

Chartered Physiotherapists in Women’s Health and Continence and Directorate of Strategy and Clinical Programmes, Health Service Executive, (2012, rev. 2014). Clinical practice guideline: Management of pelvic girdle pain in pregnancy and post-partum. Version 1.0, Guideline 16, 27pp. Dublin: Institute of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists.

Crichton, M. and Wellock, V. (2008). Pain, disability and symphysis pubis dysfunction: women talking. Evidence Based Midwifery, 6(1), pp. 9-17.

Damen, L., Buyruk, H., Güler-Uysal, F., Lotgering, F., Snijders, C. and Stam, H. (2001). Pelvic pain during pregnancy is associated with asymmetric laxity of the sacroiliac joints. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 80(11), pp. 1019-1024.

Fishburn, S.(2018). Pelvic girdle pain: The Stickmum project 3 years forward. British Journal of Midwifery, 26(11).

Fishburn, S. (2015). Pelvic girdle pain. Frontline (Magazine of the Chartered Society of Physiotherapy), 21(17), 1p.

Fishburn, S. (2015). Pelvic girdle pain: updating current practice. The Practising Midwife, 18(10), pp. 12-17.

Fishburn, S. and Cooper, T. (2015). Pelvic girdle pain: Are we missing opportunities to make this a problem of the past? British Journal of Midwifery, 23(11), pp. 774-778.

Hansen, A., Jensen, D., Larsen, E., Wilken-Jensen, C. and Petersen, L. (1996). Relaxin is not related to symptom-giving pelvic girdle relaxation in pregnant women. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 75(3), pp. 245-249.

Maclennon, A., Green, R., Nicolson, R. and Bath, M. (1986). Serum relaxin and pelvic pain of pregnancy. The Lancet, 328(8501), pp. 243-245.

Pelvic Obstetric & Gynaecological Physiotherapy (POGP), (2015). Pregnancy Related Pelvic Girdle Pain (PGP) – for Health Professionals. London: Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (CSP).

Pelvic Partnership, (2006). Pain management for people with Pelvic Girdle Pain. Harwell: Pelvic Partnership.

Pelvic Partnership, (2009). Pelvic Girdle Pain: a guide for family and friends. Harwell: Pelvic Partnership.

Pelvic Partnership, (2010). About PGP: Pelvic Girdle Pain and its management. Harwell: Pelvic Partnership.

Pelvic Partnership, (2015). How can we improve care for women with Pelvic Girdle Pain?. Harwell: Pelvic Partnership.

Petersen, L., Hvidman, L. and Uldbjerg, N. (1994). Normal serum relaxin in women with disabling pelvic pain during pregnancy. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation, 38(1), pp. 21-23.

Shepherd, J. (2005). Symphysis pubis dysfunction: a hidden cause of morbidity. British Journal of Midwifery, 13(5), pp. 301-307.

Stuge, B., Hilde, G. and Vøllestad, N. (2003). Physical therapy for pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain: a systematic review. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 82(11), pp. 983-990.

Vleeming, A., Albert, H., Östgaard, H., Sturesson, B. and Stuge, B. (2008). European guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of pelvic girdle pain. European Spine Journal, 17(6), pp. 794-819.

Content is currently under review.


Charity Registered in England: 1100373 

The Pelvic Partnership consists of volunteers who have had pelvic girdle pain (PGP) and wish to support other women. We aim to pass on information based on both research and the experience of other women with PGP. We are not medical professionals and cannot offer medical advice and the information we provide should not take the place of advice and guidance from your own health-care providers. Material on this site is provided for information and support purposes only.

   © Copyright Pelvic Partnership 2021

This website was built by Jigsaw Web Design Ltd

We would also like to acknowledge the support of the National Lottery's Corononavirus Community Support Fund, which funded our COVID-19 Response Project. 

Malcare WordPress Security